For many women the thought of giving birth can be a scary thought. For first-time mothers the prospect of giving birth is an even more daunting experience as no matter how much reading you may do beforehand it can never really prepare you. Unfortunately, sometimes the labour is not managed appropriately and when complications occur there is a delay in taking appropriate action to avoid damage to mother and baby.
Labour is divided into three stages:
Stage 1: This is when the uterine contractions start and this stage ends when the cervix is fully dilated.
Stage 2: This is when the cervix is fully dilated and the baby is delivered.
Stage 3: This is the period from when the baby is born to when the placenta is delivered.
It is essential that the midwife and the obstetrician involved in a deliver should ensure that each stage of the birthing process is carefully monitored and managed. If appropriate monitoring is undertaken then it can lead to any complications being dealt with in a timely manner which is essential. When a labour is not managed appropriately this can result in long term problems for both mother and child.
Complications which can occur during the birth include:
- Clinical Negligence issues relating to Caesarean Sections
- the use of forceps or ventouse delivery
- Repairs to Tears
- Episiotomy and Third or Fourth Degree Tears
- Erb’s Palsy or Brachial Plexus Injuries
- Cerebral Palsy